is the subsidiary of Transport
for London (TfL) that manages
bus services within Greater
London, England. Buses are
required to carry similar red
colour schemes and conform
to the same fare scheme. All
Transport in the United
Kingdom is facilitated with road,
air, rail, and water networks. A
radial road network totals 29,145
miles (46,904 km) of main roads,
2,173 miles (3,497 km) of
motorways and 213,750 miles
(344,000 km) of paved roads. The
National Rail network of 10,072
route miles (16,116 km) in Great Britain and 189 route miles (303 route
km) in Northern Ireland carries over 18,000 passenger and 1,000
freight trains daily. Urban rail networks exist in London, Manchester,
Birmingham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Cardiff, Belfast, Leeds and
Liverpool. There are many regional and international airports, with
Heathrow Airport in London being one of the busiest in the world. The
UK also has a network of ports which received over 558 million tons of
goods in 2003–2004.
Transport trends in the UK
Since 1952 (the earliest date for which comparable figures are
available), the United Kingdom has seen a growth of car use,
increasing its modal share, while the use of buses has declined, and
railway use has grown more slowly.
In 1952 27% of distance travelled was by car or taxi; with 42% being by
bus or coach and 18% by rail. A further 11% was by bicycle and 3% by
motorcycle. The distance travelled by air was negligible.
By 2003 85% of distance travelled was by car or taxi; with 6% being by
bus and 6% by rail. Air, pedal cycle and motorcycle accounted for
roughly 1% each. In terms of journeys, slightly over 1 billion are made
per annum by main line rail, 1 billion by light rail, 4.5 billion by bus, and
21 million on domestic air flights.
Passenger transport has grown in recent years. Figures from the DTI
show that total passenger travel inside the United Kingdom has risen
from 403 billion passenger kilometres in 1970 to 797 billion in 2004.
Freight transport has undergone similar changes, increasing in volume
and shifting from railways onto the road. In 1953 89 billion tonne
kilometres of goods were moved, with rail accounting for 42%, road
36% and water 22%. By 2002 the volume of freight moved had almost
trebled to 254 billion tonne kilometres, of which 7.5% was moved by
rail, 26% by water, 4% by pipeline and 62% by road.
Although the decline in railway use led to a reduction in the length of
the rail network, the length of the road network has not increased in
proportion to the increase in road use. Whereas the rail network has
halved from 19,471 mi (31,336 km) in 1950 to 10,014 mi (16,116 km)
today, the major road network only increased from 44,710 mi (71,950
km) in 1951 to 50,893 mi (81,904 km) in 1990, and reduced slightly to
50,265 mi (80,894 km) by 2010. In 2008, the Department for
Transport stated that traffic congestion is one of the most serious
transport problems facing the United Kingdom. According to the
government-sponsored Eddington report of 2006, bottleneck roads are
in serious danger of becoming so congested that it may damage the
All and bit more about transport in the UK.